The EMT-Basic certificate and the Associate of Science in Paramedic Science are designed to prepare the EMT to deliver emergency patient care in the pre-hospital setting.
Graduates of both programs primarily provide emergency care in ambulance or fire services at their level of training, while nontraditional areas of employment are available in hospitals and industry. According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 4 out of 10 graduates become employees of private ambulance services, about 3 out of 10 find work in local government for fire departments, public ambulance services, and EMS, and another 2 out 10 were found in hospitals, working full time within the medical facility or responded to calls in ambulances or helicopters to transport critically ill or injured patients. The remainder worked in various industries providing emergency services.
The EMT-Basic is trained to care for patients at the scene of an accident and while transporting patients by ambulance to the hospital under medical direction. The EMT-Basic has the emergency skills to assess a patient’s condition and manage respiratory, cardiac, and trauma emergencies. EMT- Ps provide the most extensive pre-hospital care. In addition to carrying out the procedures already described, paramedics may administer drugs orally and intravenously, interpret electrocardiograms (EKGs), perform endotracheal intubations, and use monitors and other complex equipment.