Homecare is a general term that represents a wide range of community-based services to support someone that is recuperating from an acute situation, such as a hip fracture, or services needed by persons with on-going chronic conditions, such as stroke or cerebral palsy.
The skills and duties of home care personnel vary, but all have one thing in common—they make it possible for care recipients to remain at home in a safe, environment and in some cases have more independence than they did before. In the process, they also provide family caregivers with a chance to replenish their depleted physical and emotional reserves.
Homecare personnel include:
• Registered nurses (RNs)—that provide skilled medical care, including giving medications, monitoring vital signs, dressing wounds, and teaching family caregivers how to use complicated equipment at home.
• Therapists—that work with patients to restore or maintain their motor, speech and cognitive skills.
• Homecare aides—who provide personal services such as bathing, dressing, toileting, making meals, light cleaning, and transporting patients to the doctor.
• Companion/homemakers—who help with chores around the house but usually do not perform personal duties for the care recipient.