The LVN utilizes scientific and technical expertise and manual skills. Tasks can vary greatly, depending on where they work. Usually, an LPN can perform an array of medical proceduresâ€”from first aid to minor surgeryâ€”but can do so only under the supervision of a physician or an RN.
-Most LPNs provide basic bedside care, taking vital signs such as temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiration.
-Apply compresses, ice bags, and hot water bottles.
-Prepare and give injections and enemas, monitor catheters, helps patients perform routine activities, such bathing, and dressing, and give alcohol rubs and massages.
-Assist patients to walk and turn.
-Carefully monitor patients and report unfavorable reactions to medication or treatment to the supervising RN or physician.
-Feed patients, and record food and fluid intake and output.
-Assemble and use such equipment as catheters, tracheotomy tubes, and oxygen suppliers.
-Collect samples, such as urine, blood, and sputum, from patients for testing and perform routine laboratory tests.
-Sterilize equipment and supplies, using germicides, sterilizer, or autoclave.
-Some LPNs help to deliver, care for, and feed infants.
-Experienced LPNs may supervise nursing assistants and aides.
-In addition to providing routine bedside care, LPNs in nursing care facilities help to evaluate residentsâ€™ needs, develop care plans, and supervise the care provided by nursing aides.
-In doctorsâ€™ offices and clinics, they also may make appointments, keep records, and perform other clerical duties.
-LPNs who work in private may cook for their patients, keep rooms orderly, see that
patients are comfortable and in good spirits, and teach other family members simple nursing tasks.
-After specialized training, LVNs may work in psychiatry, surgery, intensive care, or coronary care.
-In some employment settings, such as nursing homes, LPNs can advance to become charge nurses who oversee the work of other LPNs and of nursing aides.
-Some LPNs also choose to become registered nurses through numerous LPN-to-RN training programs.